Comprehension

student understands

Good readers have a purpose for reading, and monitor their reading to make sure it makes sense. They connect ideas in the text with what they already know. This is called activation of prior knowledge. Everything that a reader has seen, experienced, heard, felt, or tasted has a role in the interpretation of text. When new ideas conflict with previously held information, good readers make (additions, subtractions, or revisions) to the old information.

Additionally, good readers demonstrate the ability to identify and utilize:

  • Main Idea – the central message of the passage

  • Supporting Details – statements used to promote the main idea

  • Clarifying Devices – methods and tools that the author uses to express thoughts

  • Drawing Conclusionsthe ability to make accurate assessments based upon the material read

  • Inference – the ability to “read between the lines” to determine what the author is saying without being expressly informed

  • Vocabulary in Contextunderstanding the meaning of new words based upon the surrounding text

 

 

(Excerpted from, “School Success for Kids with Dyslexia and Other Reading Difficulties” by Walter Dunson, Ph.D.)

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